Showing posts with label Motivation. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Motivation. Show all posts

Thursday, 15 April 2021

Motivation and Motivation Theories (old and modern theories)

The term motivation is very common thanks to motivational speakers and motivational videos on YouTube. However, do I know motivation as a concept properly?

Definition of Motivation
What is motivation? Motivation is the combination of certain forces that cause a person to behave in a particular way. 

This process begins with unsatisfied needs and ends with a reduction in tension. Motivation keeps the organization moving, creates a work-stimulating and vibrant environment, and above all brings vitality to the employee's institutional and personal life.

With motivation, a manager can inspire, stimulate, persuade, push, provoke, trigger and incite employees to get things done. Motivation is a process that drives an employee to perform tasks spontaneously, as a result of which he or she strives to exert his or her maximum strength in achieving organizational goals. Motivation is the desire to work harder to achieve organizational goals. Motivation is latent energy inherent in the human heart which, when aroused, man uses his maximum energy to achieve the goal. Motivation is a need-fulfilling process.

Motivation in the Organization and Management
One of the most challenging and important tasks that managers do is motivate and give rewards to employees. Motivation is a complex task as there are different types of staff and they have a different mentality and a different attitude towards work. Some are innately unhappy in nature. Some are a little satisfied. Therefore, efforts have to be made to keep the employees satisfied keeping in view the mental structure of the person, educational and social background, political-religious ideology, type of work, etc. 

An employee may be motivated for a reason, another may not be encouraged for that reason. one employee may be motivated only if his salary is increased, another may be instigated by simple praise. For all these reasons, the task of motivation is very complicated for the manager. Due to the importance of motivation in the institutional arena, we will discuss various issues related to motivation and theories on this page.

Early motivation theories
Early motivation theories are still valid and useful because many practicing managers still, use old motivational models. Theories like Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, McGregor’s Theories X and Y, Herzberg’s two-factor theory, and McClelland’s three-needs theory laid the foundation from which modern motivation models have been developed and prospering.

Contemporary Theories of Motivation
Modern approaches represent new explanations of employee motivation supported by current research. These contemporary motivation theories include:

Goal-setting theory
The theory shows that specific goals improve performance. If difficult goals are accepted by employees, then they can produce higher performance.
The Goals should be SMART.

Reinforcement theory
According to the theory, behaviour is a function of its consequences

Equity Theory
People usually compare themselves with others. In an organization, employees compare their job’s input-outcomes ratio with that of relevant others and then corrects any inequity

Expectancy Theory
People tend to act in a certain way based on the expectation that the act will be followed by a given outcome and on the attractiveness of that outcome to the people.

High-involvement work practices and job design theory are new theories and researchers are continuously building theories to improve the lives of people.

There is no end to what people want. A person may be looking for a handful of food or shelter at the moment. Another may be seeking to seize political power; Another may be hoping for a favourite reunion. People have been doing different things all their lives. At the root of this diverse course of action is some kind of motivation. Some motivations keep people active and active for a while, while others motivate people to work for a long time, even for a lifetime.

Friday, 27 March 2020

The Power of the Youth Fighting Against Covid 19

The Power of a Student Fighting Against Coronavirus

Mizanur Rahman Sarkar, a Bangladeshi youth studying at a Chinese university, has saved his scholarship money and bought 100 coronavirus testing kits to send to his motherland Bangladesh. The kits are expected to arrive in the country on March 26, 2020. Some may say that the number 100 (coronavirus testing kits) is very low compared to the population of the area but his contribution as a student and as a single person is very huge. 

Sunday, 1 March 2020

A Teacher Who Sacrificed His Life for Students

“I am telling you - Don't open fire. My students will go back now." 

"Your bullets will penetrate my heart first before you hit a student!" 

--------------- A teacher. 

Dr Mohammad Shamsuzzoha Sacrificed His Life for His Students
These sentences are not just a bunch of words. The truth is - the teacher was not limited to speech and actually took bullets for his students. This legendary teacher I am talking about martyr Dr Mohammad Shamsuzzoha, a former Proctor and professor from the University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh. Educators, teachers and students should follow the martyr teacher Shaheed Mohammad Shamsuzzoha. 

At the age of commercialism, education has become a business product and teachers engage in politics (self-interest) and business, corrupting the noble profession. Selfless teachers are not easy to be found in today’s world. 

Who is Mohammad Shamsuzzoha? 
Shamsuzzoha obtained his BSc in Chemistry and MSc degree from the University of Dhaka. He also actively joined in the Language Movement during his university life. He also earned his PhD from Imperial College London in 1964. In 1961, he joined as a lecturer at the Department of Chemistry at Rajshahi University. In 1968, he got the proctor post at the same university. 

Anti Ayub government and Shaheed Mohammad Shamsuzzoha 
At the time of the mass movement (Gano Obhyuththan or Mass Upsurge) against the Ayub government (1968 - 1969), a student leader Asaduzzaman was killed (on 20 January 1969) by Pakistani forces in Dhaka. On February 15, Sergeant Zahurul Haque (an accused in the so-called Agartala Conspiracy Case) was killed in Dhaka Cantonment. So, the agitation spread across the country like fire and Rajshahi was not excluded. Students of Rajshahi University burst into protest due to the assassination of student leader Asaad and Sergeant Zahurul Haque. 

Sacrifice and Martyrdom 
On February 17, several students were injured as police launched a raid on the protest. On February 18, the students started protesting in front of the main gate of Rajshahi University. On the same day, the local administration imposed Section 144 on the highway adjacent to the University of Rajshahi. Angry students decided to violate Section 144 in the area where the army was deployed. Dr. Zoha tried to get his students back to the university dormitories. He urged the army officers to abstain from firing upon the students but the army shot the demonstrating students. Dr. Zoha was also wounded and carried to the hospital where he died. He sacrificed himself by taking bullets. 

The brave death of Zoha added a new dimension to the anti-Ayub movement. Led by Moulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani, the tide of protests spread throughout the country. The fall of the decade-long dictatorial regime of Field Marshal Mohammad Ayub Khan was quickened. The then Pakistani government had to withdraw the Agartala case and the unconditional release of all accused. 

A teacher was martyred for the purpose of saving the life of the students. In commemoration of his highest sacrifice for the cause of the country, Shahid Zoha Dibos (Martyr Zoha Day) is observed on 18 February. A student hall was named as Shaheed Shamsuzzoha Hall in Rajshahi University to keep the memory of Zoha's memorable. But his history of heroism should not be confined within a certain boundary (Rajshahi University). Martyr Zoha Day should be observed in every educational institution in the country as a Teacher's Day. Shaheed Mohammad Shamsuzzoha gave his life for the country and we must remember him and his sacrifice in that way. 

Md Shamsuzzoha, Bangladesh & the Globe 
Professor Dr. Md. Shamsuzzoha is a source of pride and inspiration for the whole teacher community and educational institutions all over the world. By sacrificing his life at the time of Mass Upsurge for the country, Dr Zoha became the first martyred intellectual in the history of the Independence War. His contribution is different from other martyred intellectuals as he was the one who gave his life for the students making it rare not only in Bangladesh but also in the entire world.

Wednesday, 3 January 2018

আপনার বেঁকারত্বের হতাশা দূর করবে এই পোস্ট

আপনি কি বেঁকার? বার বার বিসিএস, ব্যাংক ও অন্যান্য চাকরির পরিক্ষা দিয়ে ফেইল? আপনার চাকরির প্রবেশের বয়স কি শেষ পর্যায়? তাহলে আপনার জন্যই এই পোস্ট। পোস্টটি শেষ পর্যন্ত পড়তে হবে!  

আমাদের চাকরির বাজার খুব সীমিত এবং দিনে দিনে কম্পিটিশন আরো বাড়ছে।  আর বলে রাখা ভালো সরকারই সবচেয়ে বেশি নিয়োগ দিচ্ছে। চাকরির যোগানের স্বল্পতা এবং চাহিদার বিশাল ফারাকের কারণে আজকের এই বেকারত্ব।

কিন্তু বেঁকার হয়ে পড়ে থাকলে তো হবে না আমাদের ভালো কিছু করতে হবে। যেমন আপনি যদি প্রোগ্রামিং শিখেন আর নেটওয়ার্কিং বুঝেন তাহলে আপনি এই দক্ষতা দিয়ে অনেক ভালো ইনকাম করতে পারবেন। তাছাড়া প্রোগ্রামিং ও সফটওয়ার বুঝলে আপনি নিজেই উদ্যোগতা হতে পারবেন, আপনার হতে পারে বিশাল একটা ব্যবসা। তখন আপনি দিতে পারবেন অনেকে চাকরি।

ভাই আমি আর্টসে/ কমার্সে পরি। আমি কম্পিউটার, প্রোগ্রামিং কিছু বুঝি না! আমি কেমনে কি করব?

নো প্রবলেম – আপনিও পারবেন। আপনি জনাব মোস্তফা জব্বারকে চিনেন? তিনি একজন তথ্যপ্রযুক্তি বিশেষজ্ঞ। তিনি বেসিস এর সভাপতি। বর্তমানে মোস্তাফা জব্বারকে  মন্ত্রী (টেকনোক্র্যাট) করা হয়েছে।

তিনি ঢাকা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ে থেকে বাংলা বিভাগ থেকে স্নাতক পর্যায়ে পড়াশোনা শেষ করেন। তিনি এমএ করেন সাংবাদিকতা বিভাগ থেকে।

তিনি তার ক্যারিয়ারের একটা বিরাট সময় ব্যয় করেন সাংবাদিকতার মধ্য দিয়ে। পরে তিনি কম্পিউটার ব্যবসায়ে প্রবেশ করেন।

১৯৮৮ সালে তার প্রতিষ্ঠানের বিজয় বাংলা কিবোর্ড প্রকশিত হয় যা ১ম বাংলা কিবোর্ড এবং ইউনিকোড আসা পর্যন্ত অনেক ব্যবহৃত হয়েছে।

তবে অভ্র নিয়ে বিজয় এর একটা বড় বিতর্ক সৃষ্টি হয়: