Sunday, 27 June 2021

Similarities and Differences Between Fayol & Taylor Principles of Management

What are the similarities between Taylor's and Fayol's theories?

Both Frederick Winslow Taylor and Henri Fayol have contributed to the advancement of management science. They both acknowledged that HR issues and management at different levels are critical to individual success. Both principles of management have the same purpose in mind: to improve the efficiency of organizations. Furthermore, they share fundamental ideas like division of labour and specialization, manager roles, group unity, and so on. Mutual co-operation between employers and employees is given emphasis by the two management gurus.

Both used scientific methods to solve this challenge, with Taylor focusing on the operative level and working from bottom to upwards, whereas Fayol focused on the managing director and working downwards.


The key difference between Fayol and Taylor principles of management

F.W. Taylor management principles are about evaluating employee performance and getting work done as efficiently as possible, whereas Fayol management principles are about handling problems from a top management perspective. Fayol management principles put an emphasis on tasks like planning and controlling, whereas Taylor management principles place a premium on worker work-study and study time. Furthermore, Fayol principles place a greater emphasis on top management's perspective on problem solutions, whereas Taylor principles place a greater emphasis on low-level management in an organization. Fayol principles, on the other hand, can be applied to any organization with a variety of situations because they are universally applicable, whereas Taylor principles are only applied to specialized companies such as manufacturing and engineering.


Frederick Winslow Taylor

Henri Fayol

American mechanical engineer, one of the first management consultants

French mining engineer, mining executive, author and director of mines

Approach: Scientific Management

Theory: A general theory of administration

4 Principles

14 Principles

Father of scientific management

Father of management principles/ modern management



Improves industrial efficiency

Focuses on universal functions of management.

This micro-approach is restricted to production activities and the factory only.

This macro-approach discus general principles of management applicable in every field of management in all kinds of organization.

Low-level management

All levels management

 Production and engineering

Managerial activities

to improve productivity & eliminate wastages through standardization of work & tools.

the function of managers and on general principles of management applied to all.

Taylor disregards human elements.

Fayol pays due regards to human element (Principle of initiative, Espirit De Corps and Equity)

Book: The Principles of Scientific Management

Book: General and Industrial Management


Fayol's theory is more universally applicable than that of Taylor. Despite the effect of modern progress, Fayol's management ideas have endured the test of time and are still considered the foundation of management philosophy. 


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