Wednesday, 23 May 2018

An Introduction to Bangladesh

Bangladesh, born in 1971, is a lower middle-income country. Officially known as the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, it is the world's 3rd largest Muslim majority country.

Location: Located in South Asia, Bangladesh has borders only 2 countries: India (West-North-East) and Myanmar (South-East). The Bay of Bengal is located in the south side of Bangladesh. 
 
Climate: Straddling the Tropic of Cancer (the Northern Tropic), the country has a tropical monsoon climate. Due to the climate change, the weather in Bangladesh is not friendly. Bangladesh has now 3 seasons: long summer (excessive heat), short winter and unpredictable rainy season. 
 
Rivers: The country is blessed with so many rivers. Bangladesh, most famously known as a riverine country, has about 700 rivers including tributaries. Jamuna, Padma, and Meghna are important rivers in this country. Though most influential civilizations were built on the banks of rivers, our rivers are not getting enough attention for the survival. Rivers in our country are drying up. Regular economic activities (agriculture, industrial activities) are regularly affected. Some industries like cement, ship breaking need rivers and river confections for their smooth business.    

Furthermore, most rivers originate from the Himalayan valleys and across India, Nepal, and Bhutan and then travel across the country before falling down to the Bay of Bengal. Fifty-eight major rivers of Bangladesh (54 rivers with India) across the country either from India or from Myanmar. But it is a matter of great regret that India use and abuse those rivers and we get less water. India reroutes water whenever she wants, reducing the water flow in Bangladeshi rivers in the summer. In the rainy seasons or at the time of the flood, India let us sink under water.  

Natural Recourses: The country does not have many natural resources but it possesses natural gas, coal, arable land, timber and so on. The larger part of our natural gas is found in the eastern part of Bangladesh. A total of 27 natural gas fields have been found in this country. The quality of natural gas and coal is good. 

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