Tuesday, 11 September 2018

40th BCS Circular has been published

Circular for 40th BCS has been published today. With the new circular, the government of Bangladesh wants to recruit 1,903 cadres. The government’s decision on quota system will be followed in the selection of new cadres.

To get the whole circular – Click here
Applicants can apply for the given posts from September 30 to November 15, 2018. As a recruiting agency, Bangladesh Public Service Commission (BPSC) can increase the number of given posts.

Sunday, 29 July 2018

বাঙালি চরিতঃ ভূত-অদ্ভুত

আমার বাঙালি চরিত

মন্দ ঘটনা না ঘটলে পেপার ভালো চলে না। কথায় আছে Bad news are good news for any newspaper. আমরা বাঙ্গালীরা নিয়মিত সমালোচনা না করলে পেটের ভাত হজম হয় না। এ দুর্নীতি করে ও দুর্নীতি করে। এলাকার কিছু লোকেরা একে অন্যের ছেলে মেয়ের মন্দ নিয়ে কথা বলে অথচ নিজেরটা নিয়ে মাথা ব্যাথা নাই।  

এ বলে বরিশালের লোক খারাপ ও বলে নোয়াখালীর মানুষ খারাপ। লোকে বলে কুমিল্লার মানুষ এই আর বিক্রমপুরের অই ………………………………  ইত্যাদি ইত্যাদি! তো কোন  বাংলাদেশের কোন বিভাগ বা জেলার লোক ভালো? 

# আমরা অনেকে সুযোগের অভাবে ভদ্রলোক! সুযোগ পেলে রিক্সাওয়ালারাও আমাদের বাঁশ দেয়ার চেষ্টা করে। বৃষ্টি হলে/ খুব গরমে/ রাতে আপনি রিক্সায় উঠতে হলে বাড়তি টাকা দিতে হবে। আর আপনি মেয়ে হলে তো কোন কথাই নেই! 

# বাঙালি হালাল খাবারের প্রতি সিরিয়াস কিন্তু হালাল ইনকামের দিকে নজর দেয় না। 

# সবাই এখন লাখপতি বা কোটিপতি হতে চায়। সবাই চায়! কিন্তু বেশিরভাগই সৎ পথে চায় না, অল্প সময়ে দু নম্বরই পদ্ধতিতে চায়। এখন প্রাইমারি স্কুলের শিক্ষকও প্রশ্ন ফাঁস ব্যবসা করে লাখপতি হতে চায়। 

# বাঙালি পুরুষ তার পুরুষত্ব দেখায় তার বউ পিটিয়ে বা রিক্সাওয়ালাকে মেরে। 

# কেউ পরশ্রীকাতর আবার কেউ পরস্ত্রীকাতর! 

# এদের ঘাড়ে কিছু না পড়া পর্যন্ত এরা সিরিয়াস হয় না। 

# কিছু বাঙালি কাজের থেকে কথা বেশি পছন্দ করে। বাসে বা ট্রেনে অপরিচিত কাউকে বিভিন্ন ব্যক্তিগত প্রশ্ন করতেও দ্বিধা করে না। 

# বাঙালি দাসত্ব পছন্দ করে। একে অন্যের ভালোটা পছন্দ করে না।

# কেউ কেউ ফিলিস্তিনি মুসলিমদের অত্যাচার দেখে আহা-উঁহু করে কিন্তু আবার নিজের কাজের লোককে অত্যাচার করে।  

# একে অন্যকে খোঁচা দেয়াতে এরা ওস্তাদ। 

# মানুষ এখন সুশিক্ষিত মানুষের থেকে পাওয়ারফুল/ বড়োলোকদের বেশি সম্মান দেয়। ভদ্র লোকের দাম কম! শক্তের ভক্ত নরমের যম। 

# ঘুষের সমালোচনা করলেও এদের অনেকে ঘুষ খেতে ইচ্ছুক। 

# আমরা তুচ্ছ বিষয় মনে রাখি কিন্তু গুরুত্বপূর্ণ বিষয় ভুলে যাই। ফরজের থেকে নফল নিয়ে মাতামাতি। 

# দেশে থাকলে এদের হাতি সমান ইগো কিন্তু বাহিরে গেলে এরা যেকোনো কাজ করতে রাজি।

# বাঙালি মানিয়ে নিতে নিতে এখন এমন অবস্থা যে - এখন কিছুই গায়ে লাগে না। সব মেনে নেয়। 

# এখনকার মধ্যবয়স্ক লোকেরাও স্কুল/ কলেজ পড়ুয়া ছোট ছোট মেয়েদের দিকে বাজে ভাবে তাকিয়ে থাকে। 

# সরকারি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় শিক্ষক নিয়োগে কি হচ্ছে? কারা নিয়োগ পাচ্ছে? মেধাবি সৎ ভদ্র ছাত্র-ছাত্রীরা কি চাকরি পাচ্ছে? এসব শিক্ষক কিভাবে মানুষ গড়ার কারিগর হবে? 

# মসজিদ কমিটিতে এখন কাদের দেখেন?  এরা মসজিদ কমিটি চালানোর মত ক্ষমতা আছে। মসজিদ কিন্তু আল্লাহর ঘর। 
সমাজের সর্বাঙ্গে পচন ধরেছে। আর এ ভেঙে পড়া সমাজ কবে সুস্থ হয়ে উঠবে সেটাই বড় প্রশ্ন। 

এই বাঙালির (মির জাফর গং) ষড়যন্ত্রের কারণে এই উপমহাদেশে ২০০ বছরের ইংরেজ শাসন-শোষণ করছে আবার এই বীর বাঙ্গালীর কারনেই ১৯৭১ সালে বাংলাদেশ স্বাধীন হয়েছে। বঙ্গবন্ধু বাঙালির চরিত্র ব্যাখ্যা করতে গিয়ে কখনো ‘বীরের জাত’ কখনো আবার ‘পরশ্রীকাতর’ও বলেছেন। সবসময়ই কিছু বাঙালি বিশ্বাসঘাতক ছিল । বাঙালি সর্বদা নিজেদের অস্তিত্ব ভুলে নিজের ক্ষতি করেছে, ভিনদেশিদের সঙ্গে হাত মিলিয়েছিল ব্যক্তিস্বার্থ চরিতার্থ করার জন্য।

Friday, 20 July 2018

Operation Searchlight - The Black Night of March 25, 1971

Operation Searchlight was a code name for a ruthless military operation by the Pakistani government (West Pakistan) to remove the movement of freedom-loving Bengali people in 1971. The main goals were to arrest and/or kill the Bengali political leaders, intellectuals, and student leaders. Moreover, their motives were to disarm and capture the Bengali military, police and other forces (officers and soldiers) and to take their arms and tools etc.  The then Pakistani rulers actually wanted to silence the voice of the people of East Pakistan.     

Timeline: From 25th March (1971) to the middle of May (1971) in the big towns of Bangladesh.

Implementation: The men who were in charge of operation searchlight:
General Rao Forman Ali >>> Dhaka,
General Khadim Raja  >>>  other regions of Bangladesh,
Lieutenant General Tikka Khan ("Butcher of Bengal") supervised the whole operation.

The 25th march of 1971 was a dark night for the history of Bangladesh. The Pakistani soldiers started the Operation Searchlight with an indiscriminate attack on the demonstrating Bangalis in the Farm Gate area at 11-30 pm. The army captured Bangabandhu from his house at 1.30 am. Furthermore, they made attacks on Rajarbagh, Peelkhana and the residential quarters of the teachers of Dhaka University & student halls killing a large number of students including 9 teachers.

Consequences: This operation caused approximately ten million refugees to flee to the neighbour country India. It started a 9-month bloody war and Bangladesh achieved its freedom from Pakistan with Indo-Soviet (Russia) backing.  

Now Bangladesh observes 25th march as genocide day. 

Tuesday, 29 May 2018

Causes of Environmental Degradation & Pollution

Factors responsible for polluting our environment:

Social Factors
1. Population Problems
2. Poverty
3. Urbanization without planning
4. Violence & Drugs

Economic Factors
1. Unplanned industrialization & Market Failure
2. Agricultural Development
3. Transportation
4. Dam (Farakka Barrage & Tipaimukh Dam)
5. Coal-Fired Power Plants
6. Toxic Tanneries
7. Brickfield areas
8. Shrimp farming
Factors for Environmental  Pollution
maxpixel.net

Political & Administrative Factors
1. Giving less importance to the environmental issues.
2. Lack of knowledge on the impact of environmental pollution.
3. Limited initiative for tree plantation.
4. Lack of strong political will.
5. Lack of proper monitoring & implementation of environmental law.
6. Influential people and businessmen don’t follow the law.
7. Lack of awareness and seriousness among the general people.
8. Refugee problems
9. Wars
10. Nuclear testing

Wednesday, 23 May 2018

An Introduction to Bangladesh

Bangladesh, born in 1971, is a lower middle-income country. Officially known as the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, it is the world's 3rd largest Muslim majority country.

Location: Located in South Asia, Bangladesh has borders only 2 countries: India (West-North-East) and Myanmar (South-East). The Bay of Bengal is located in the south side of Bangladesh. 
 
Climate: Straddling the Tropic of Cancer (the Northern Tropic), the country has a tropical monsoon climate. Due to the climate change, the weather in Bangladesh is not friendly. Bangladesh has now 3 seasons: long summer (excessive heat), short winter and unpredictable rainy season. 
 
Rivers: The country is blessed with so many rivers. Bangladesh, most famously known as a riverine country, has about 700 rivers including tributaries. Jamuna, Padma, and Meghna are important rivers in this country. Though most influential civilizations were built on the banks of rivers, our rivers are not getting enough attention for the survival. Rivers in our country are drying up. Regular economic activities (agriculture, industrial activities) are regularly affected. Some industries like cement, ship breaking need rivers and river confections for their smooth business.    

Furthermore, most rivers originate from the Himalayan valleys and across India, Nepal, and Bhutan and then travel across the country before falling down to the Bay of Bengal. Fifty-eight major rivers of Bangladesh (54 rivers with India) across the country either from India or from Myanmar. But it is a matter of great regret that India use and abuse those rivers and we get less water. India reroutes water whenever she wants, reducing the water flow in Bangladeshi rivers in the summer. In the rainy seasons or at the time of the flood, India let us sink under water.  

Natural Recourses: The country does not have many natural resources but it possesses natural gas, coal, arable land, timber and so on. The larger part of our natural gas is found in the eastern part of Bangladesh. A total of 27 natural gas fields have been found in this country. The quality of natural gas and coal is good. 

The Geopolitical Importance of Bangladesh

Understanding the growing strategic importance of Bangladesh
We are in an advantageous position due to our geographical position. Here are some:  

Regional Connectivity: Because of our geographic position, we have a strategic advantage over India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, and Nepal. We are not landlocked and we have a balanced sharing of land and sea. So, Bangladesh has many doors opened.

World leaders now understand that war is not a solution but trade is mutually beneficial for all the countries. International trade includes many factors and transport cost is one of the dominant elements. Regional connectivity can decrease the transport cost and promote trade & business (export-import, tourism, Foreign Direct Investments - FDI) in this area. It will be a win-win situation for South Asian countries if regional transport connectivity is properly built and managed.

Bangladesh is a close neighbor of two emerging giants of the world: China and India (2 leading members of BRICS) and one side boundary with Myanmar which is a Chinese friend. Moreover, Bangladesh is situated at the head of the Bay of Bengal as a bridge between 2 regional blocs - SAARC & ASEAN. So countries can use short-cut ways to bypass long road/route and thus reduce time & cost.


BD strategic geo political importance
Source: Cacahuate wiki

Bangladesh has already become a hub of regional connectivity. Influential countries like China, Japan, Russia, India want to make investments in infrastructure and communications. They have already shown their interest in road building, deep sea port etc. We must utilize this golden opportunity. These investments will boost our economy and increase employment. It will be helpful to diversify our economy and be less dependent on RMG sector.

Bangladesh gave India permission to use the Chittagong and Mongla ports. China helps Chittagong port manage its huge traffic. Both China & India are providing finance to construct different parts of the Payra deep-sea port project. Furthermore, Japan is also financing Matarbari deep-sea port.

Multimodal transit and transshipment: India can cut about 1000 kilometers of distance and 150 hours taking advantage of transit through Bangladesh.

Nepal, Bangladesh trial bus service reached India and it came under the purview of Bangladesh-Bhutan-India-Nepal (BBIN) Motor Vehicles Agreement (which was signed for enabling movement of passenger and cargo vehicles).


# Security: For several security concerns, some big players in the international level want to work with Bangladesh. For example, for preventing extremism and stabilizing this area, India needs Bangladesh. USA and Russia want to maintain their presences in the area because the location contains rising powers like China, Pakistan, and India. Moreover, USA wants to establish a naval base at Bangladesh’s territorial seas.


# Blue Economy
The Bay of Bengal gives Bangladesh opportunities to navigate across the world and explore the untapped blue economy. She has got plentiful natural resources like gas and oil, huge hydro-electrical potential, abundant fresh water, seafood, rich soil, natural attractions for a better tourist industry and other advantages (shipping and port facilities).


Conclusion: For our geographical position in the world map, we not only have some advantages but also face natural calamities. Because of our location, we will have to bear climate change’s disastrous impact. However, we have many opportunities which we must catch.



It will take time to achieve in the South Asian region what the European nations (EU) have achieved. Because of non-cooperation among some countries, many initiatives had been ruined.

Tuesday, 22 May 2018

The Functions of a Modern Government

There are 3 major activities in a government through which the will of the general people come into reality. These are the legislative, executive and judicial functions of the govt.

The three organs of a govt. are kept separate to stop the abuse of power. Checks & balances refer to the authority each organ has to “check” (monitor) the other organs and ensure a balance of power. According to Montesquieu, liberty is effectively protected by the separation of powers.

The government is one of the 4 parts of a state and other 3 elements are land, population and sovereignty. Our government has three branches to run the state properly.

A.  Legislature/ Parliament/ Jatiya Sangsad
1        1. Representing mass people in the parliament
2        2. Lawmaking and modifying
          3. Taking policies and plans for the people
          4. Changing the constitution
          5. Budget discussion and finalization
          6. Checking the executive
          7. Accountability from MPs
          8. Debate the important issues in the parliament

B.  Executive/ Administration
         1. Implementing policies, laws etc.
         2. Protecting the country from foreign enemies.
         3. Maintain peace and security within the country.
         4.  Good relationship with foreign countries for sake of the country.
         5. Running day to day administration and works.
         6. Developing human resource by good education and better health facilities.
         7. Promoting trade with a business-friendly environment.
         8. Removing poverty.
         9. Reducing gender gap.
        10. Urban development.
        11. Agriculture and rural development
        12. Disaster management.
        13. Development Activities (Road construction)
        14. Relief
        15. Conducting fair election.

C.   Judiciary
1. Decide the cases
2. Interpretation of the laws
3. Guardian of the constitution
4. Custodian of fundamental rights
5. Protection of civil rights


Reference:

Sunday, 20 May 2018

Are We Safe in The Digital World?

In the digital world, an increasing number of people use technological devices and software. People use smartphones, tablets, laptops for day to day tasks. Technology gives us many fruits but it has costs which we don’t know.

The Digital World and cyber-security

Some software/apps have the access to collect your private information. Your laptop/ mobile camera can be turned on remotely by some apps to take pictures. Moreover, your information is not safe on the internet (especially in social media). For examples,

Google records the search pattern and therefore our behaviour. Google map knows our movement. Gmail knows your emails and your connections.

Facebook cannot guarantee data protection.  There are thousands of apps that can access people's friends' data. There are some allegations that Facebook sells the user’s picture to the third parties.

Actually, we don’t use their service for free and our information is valuable to the service provider like Google, Bing, Facebook etc. They use our data for their business purposes. 

You Must Read:   Taking Nude Picture?

It is a matter of great sorrow that we don’t have to face hacking because we are in a vulnerable situation. Third-party apps can easily get our information. Cybersecurity, data protection and awareness need more attention for all of us.  

 So what do you think? Is our information safe? Will our data be protected by some angels?

References:
Recent Facebook Scandal

Saturday, 19 May 2018

Major Achievements of Bangladesh in International Affairs

Bangladesh in the global arena
# 21st February is being observed in the world as the International Mother Language Day (recognized by the UNESCO on November 17, 1999).

# The UNESCO acknowledged the historic March 7 speech of Bangabandhu as a world documentary heritage on October 30, 2017.

# Honorable Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina received Champions of the Earth (the highest environmental accolade of the UN) in recognition of far-reaching initiatives to address climate change (2015). 

# Three Bangladeshis - Tulip Siddiq, Rushanara Ali and Rupa Huq - made it to the House of Commons (Labour Party). The British parliament has 3 lawmakers with roots in Bangladesh for the first time (2015).

# Muhammad Yunus, as well as Grameen Bank, got the Nobel Peace Prize in 2006. It was awarded to "for their efforts through microcredit to create economic and social development from below".
Bangladesh has introduced the concept of micro-credit and it is a house of the largest NGO in the world (BRAC) and Nobel prize winner NGO (Grameen Bank). Their techniques and methods are being replicated across the world.

# For the contributions to increase the world's production and distribution of food to those most in need, Sir Fazle Hasan Abed (BRAC founder and chairperson) was honoured as the World Food Prize Laureate (2015).

# Sir Fazle Hasan Abed (Brac Founder and Chairperson) has been selected as one of “The World's 50 Greatest Leaders” by Fortune magazine (2017).

# Bangladesh is the 2nd contributor of military and police to UN Peacekeeping (2018).

# In reducing air pollution, Rajshahi outperformed every other city in the world (WHO, 2016).

# Bangladesh achieved the poverty alleviation target 3 years before the stipulated time. Bangladesh already met the MDG goals for increasing the rate of universal primary education, poverty alleviation, decreasing infant mortality and improving maternal health care.

# According to the Global Peace Index (GPI) 2017, Bangladesh has been ranked the third most peaceful country in South Asia.

# According to the Global Gender Gap Report 2017 published by the World Economic Forum (WEF), Bangladesh has topped the South Asian countries in gender equality for the 3rd consecutive year, ranking 47th among 144 nations.

# Dr Maqsudul Alam and his team disclosed/ decoded genome sequence of jute in 2010.

# On November 18, 2015, Wasfia Nazreen became the first Bangladeshi to climb the mountain peaks of all 7 continents (the Seven Summits).

# Beximco Pharmaceuticals Limited is the 1st Bangladeshi company to export medicines to Canada (2017).

# According to the World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report 2017-18, Bangladesh has been ranked the 99th most competitive economy in the world.

# For innovative use of ICT in the field of education (“Online School” project), Jaago Foundation got “The 2016 Unesco King Hamad Bin Isa Al-Khalifa Prize”.

# After Jamdani sari, hilsa has been recognized as a geographical indication (GI) product of Bangladesh (2017).

# In 2017, UNESCO included the Traditional art of Shital Pati weaving of Sylhet in the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) of Humanity. Besides Shital Pati (4th ICH from Bangladesh recognised by the Unesco), Mangal Shobhajatra (3rd) on Pahela Baishakh, the traditional art of Jamdani weaving (2nd) and Baul songs (1st) received the recognition.


References:
https://bdnews24.com/bangladesh/2017/02/09/bangladeshi-scientists-work-disclosing-genome-sequence-of-jute-gets-us-recognition
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/jun/17/rajshahi-bangladesh-city-air-pollution-won
https://ich.unesco.org/en/state/bangladesh-BD