Saturday, 29 February 2020

BCS & Bank Written Questions Suggestions & Patterns for Urban & Rural Development

BCS & Bank Written Questions (Frequently Asked), Suggestions & Patterns for Urban & Rural Development and Local Government in Bangladesh
Prediction for Upcoming Competitive Exams (Govt, Private & University)

Urban & Rural Development
# Define urbanization. Discuss the development trend of Urbanization in both International and Bangladesh perspective.

# What do you mean by urban poverty? Discuss the consequences of urbanization in a developing country like Bangladesh.

# Discuss the Pull-Puss model of migration in the context of a developing country.

# Explain the Impact (positive & negative) of Migration and Urbanization in a developing country like Bangladesh.

# Discuss the problems/ crisis of urbanization in Bangladesh.

# What steps can be taken to meet the challenges of urbanization?

# What do you mean by Rural Development? Critically discuss the initiatives/ roles/ functions of the Bangladesh government for the Rural Development.

# Describe the history of rural development in Bangladesh.

# Critically discuss the initiatives/ roles/ functions of NGOs for the Rural Development in Bangladesh.

Local Government in Bangladesh
# Define local government. Explain the functions of rural local governments in Bangladesh.

# Define local governance. Explain the functions of urban local governments in Bangladesh.

# What is decentralization? Describe the formation of local government bodies (rural and urban) in Bangladesh.

# Analyze the political history of local government institutions in Bangladesh from the British period to the present time.

# How can good governance be implemented in local government in a developing country like Bangladesh?

# Critically discuss the central-local relationship of local government institutions in Bangladesh.

# Discuss the Features of the Comilla (Cumilla) Model in Bangladesh.

# Explain the role/functions of the Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development (BARD) in rural development.

Friday, 28 February 2020

BCS & Bank Written Questions Suggestions & Patterns for History of Bangladesh

Frequently Asked BCS & Bank Written Questions on History of Bangladesh from language movement to liberation war

Suggestions for Upcoming Competitive Exams

History of Bangladesh from 1947 to 1971

# “The spirit of Ekushey and Bengali nationalism are the turning point in the history of Bangladesh.” -- explain this statement with proper examples.

# Discuss the first and last phase of language movement in Bangladesh.

# “The Language Movement sows the seeds of Bangladeshi nationalism” -- explain this statement with suitable examples.


“The seed of liberation of Bangladesh was sown in 1952 when bullets were fired on 21st February. The seed grew into a tree and bear fruits in 1971.” -- explain this statement with suitable examples.

# Explain the political algorithm of 21st February in East Pakistan as well as West Pakistan.

# Explain the importance/ major achievements of Language Movement in Bangladesh.

# What was the Six-Point Programme? Discuss the historical background of the Six Point Movement in Bangladesh.

# Explain the outcomes/significance of Six Point Programme for East Pakistan as well as West Pakistan.


‘Six-point Programme was a Charter of Freedom.’-explain this statement with suitable examples.

# Describe the importance/ impact of the Agartala Conspiracy Case.

# Describe various discriminations against East Pakistan by West Pakistan.

# Explain the result and importance of the 1970 Pakistani general election which created a storm leading the creation of a country (freedom/ a revolution).

# What was the non-cooperation movement? Discuss the historical background of the liberation war of Bangladesh.

# Discuss the importance of the Bangabandhu’s 7th March address which sparked and inspired millions.

# “The Historic 7th March Speech of Bangabandhu is a de facto declaration of Bangladesh's independence.” -- explain this statement with proper examples.

# Discuss the role of Bangabandhu, the poet of politics from 1952 to 1971.

# Why is Bangabandhu called the father of the nation?

# Analyze the role of Tajuddin Ahmads’ leadership of the provisional government in 1971.

#What do you know about three regular Infantry Brigades S, K and Z Force?

# Discuss the significance of the government-in-exile at Mujibnagar (The Provisional Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh).

# Write a short note on
Operation Jackpot
Operation Search Light
Operation Kilo Flight
Operation Omega

BCS & Bank Written Questions Patterns & Suggestions for Economy Chapter

Frequently Asked BCS & Bank Written Questions on Economy, Economic Development Chapter

Suggestions for Upcoming Competitive Exams (Bangladesh Affairs)
# Explain the nature of Bangladesh's economy with recent data.

# Discuss the historical background of Bangladesh’s economy.

# Analyze the recent economic trends in Bangladesh.

# What do you know about the “bottomless basket”? How does Bangladesh move From 'Bottomless Basket' to Developing Nation/ vibrant economy/ Basket of Wonders/ basket of food/ The Emerging Tiger of Asia?

‘Bangladesh is no longer bottomless basket’ – explain the statement with Bangladesh’s growth story.

# What do you know about Bangladesh’s growing/booming/ rocketing economy?

# Define Blue economy. Discuss the strength and weakness of Bangladesh’s economy.

# How does coronavirus affect the economy/industry of a developing country like Bangladesh?

# Discuss the role/ functions of the planning commission in Bangladesh.

# Discuss the role/ functions of Executive Committee of the National Economic Council (ECNEC) or NEC.

# Briefly discuss the Annual Budget Preparation Process in Bangladesh.

# Describe the major problems or issues in Bangladesh’s economy with the best possible solutions/ measures for economic development.

#What is Gig Economy? How will we want to see Bangladesh in 2021/ 2041?

#Briefly discuss the key financial organizations involved in the budget-making process in Bangladesh.

# Suppose you are the finance minister of Bangladesh. What kinds of plans will you undertake to develop the country?

#How can good governance ensure economic development in Bangladesh?

#How can e-governance/ digitalization ensure economic development in Bangladesh?

Monday, 24 February 2020

Mujib Borsho observing from March 2020 to March 2021

Mujib Borsho is being observed from March 2020 to March 2021 

March 2020 to March 2021 is being observed as “Mujib Borsho” (the Year of Mujib) across Bangladesh. To mark the birth centenary of Bangabandhu, Prime Minister and AL Chief Sheikh Hasina has announced the year-long programmes. The timeframe is very important for the history and future of the country as Bangabandhu’s 100th birth anniversary program titled Mujib Borsho” (from March 2020 to March 2021) will be followed by the golden jubilee celebration of Bangladesh's independence in 2021(26 March). 

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has decided that UNESCO together with Bangladesh will celebrate the 'Mujib Borsho', Prime minister Sheikh Hasina announces. To pay the debt of the great leader, Father of the Nation, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, 'Mujib Borsho' is being celebrated with the participation of mass people at the government and non-government levels. Father of the Nation’s Homecoming Day, AL’s founding anniversary, National Mourning Day and Jail Killing Day will be commemorated in coordination with the ‘Mujib Borsho’. 

The Prime minister of Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina has also warned her leaders and activists not to do excesses or overreaction while observing Mujib year.

From Chernobyl to the Coronavirus: The price of denial and lies

From Chernobyl to the Coronavirus: The Importance of Transparency and Good Governance

Coronavirus has been fueled by the initial denial and lies of Chinese officials and the situation invoke a metaphor - Chernobyl nuclear plant in the Soviet Union.  These terrible incidents of Chernobyl and coronavirus do have similarities. These two situations are worsened by corruption, mismanagement and lack of transparency at the highest levels of the state.

In 1986, the nuclear explosion occurred in northern Ukraine, then part of the Soviet Union but the communist government tried to hide information about the gravity of the disaster. The 1986 disaster at the Chernobyl exposed the failings of the Soviet system, which first attempted to suppress the incident’s real impact. The Chernobyl disaster accelerated Mikhail Gorbachev’s attempted reforms and is considered as a beginning to the collapse of the Soviet Union.

The winter of 2020 was the starting point for an outbreak of a new disease known as Covid-19 and the virus has rapidly spread across China and abroad, killing people mostly old and children.

Li Wenliang, a whistleblower Chinese doctor in Wuhan shared the rise of a mysterious pneumonia-like illness on the famous messaging app ‘WeChat’. But he was silenced by the local authorities (police) for spreading rumours online after the post went viral. The hero doctor also died of COVID-19 later which prompted outrage in the country. At the time of treating patients in Wuhan, Li Wenliang, an ophthalmologist contracted the virus.

Wuhan city mayor admitted later that the information on the virus wasn’t disclosed timely because he required authorization to reveal information in the time of an outbreak.

The Impacts of Coronavirus in the World

The Impacts of Coronavirus around the Globe

China has become a global market and China can literarily produce anything that we think about. If you need cheap products, China is a better place for you to trade. It will be really difficult to find an alternative to china. You may not get any country that does not trade with China. Countries dependent on biggest trading partner China are likely to experience a shock in the near future.

Since China is affected by the coronavirus, the growth of China has now become at slowest in 3 decades. Moreover, many countries are also affected economically, socially and politically as big supply chains are being disrupted in the world. Here are the examples.

Economic Impacts
The recent outbreak of coronavirus hampers the construction of China-backed mega infrastructure projects across the world. Human resources including Chinese engineers and labourers of these projects have been banned from returning.

# Countries around the world cannot continue business with china as a result price of the essential products gets high.

# The price of oil decreases because some factories in China are temporarily shut and cannot run due to the blockage, restrictions and labours shortage.

# Business conferences and international exhibition have been postponed.

# Hotel and tourism business have been severely affected in china as people don’t visit their places and growing restriction in crowded places. Countries miss earnings from the spending of Chinese visitors.

For example, the revenue of Apple is expected to be lower as worldwide iPhone supply is ‘temporarily constrained’ because of coronavirus.
James Bond tour of China has also been postponed due to the epidemic.
Airlines like Qantas and Air France-KLM face losses because they have suspended flights connected with china.
Despite no cases of coronavirus in New York, Chinese restaurant in New York's Chinatown has zero customers.

Social Impacts
# People in China and it's neighbouring countries are panicked by the outbreak of a new coronavirus, COVID-19.

# Prejudice & racism: The ignorance and misinformation on virus invokes racism against ethnic Chinese or anyone in the US who looks Chinese.

# Education: student mobility has become limited in china. Chinese students cannot travel to foreign countries for higher education.

# Health: Huge loss has occurred due to the health and well-being concern.

Political Impacts
The Chinese government is now at a pressure politically and internationally. Since the authority could not take steps at the right time, Chinese people also showed anger to their government.

Learning smart politics from an educated and successful politician

The story of an educated and successful politician - Arvind Kejriwal
Arvind Kejriwal, a former bureaucrat, tax inspector and an anti-corruption crusader-turned politician is the man who has defeated BJP & Congress (two most influential political parties) in Delhi (India's capital). Kejriwal has been reelected chief minister (CM) for a 3rd straight term in Delhi. In 2020, his Aam Aadmi Party (Common Man's Party - AAP) got a landslide victory over the present government’s party BJP. In the past five years, he has implemented pro-poor policies, fixed government schools and given free healthcare & utilities services etc. He has been praised for putting education and development first. He and his party are not committed to any ideology (Right/Left) but to addressing problems.

Who is Arvind Kejriwal?  
Arvind Kejriwal, graduated from IIT Kharagpur (Mechanical engineering) joined the Indian Revenue Service (IRS) in 1995 after working in Tata Steel. In 2006, he resigned from the government job. But why is that?

In 1999, Kejriwal and others found a movement named Parivartan (change), a non- registered NGO, in Delhi to address people's grievances. Moreover, Manish Sisodia and Kejriwal launched Kabir, a registered NGO in 2005. Kejriwal helped launch the AAP in 2012 to rid the corruption and inefficiency from Indian political system and government. The AAP's symbol is a broom and the promise is to sweep the administration of graft.

Social activists like A. Kejriwal, Anna Hazare, Aruna Roy and Shekhar Singh were the important contributor to the campaign for Right to Information Act (2005). For his involvement with Parivartan, he was honoured with the Ramon Magsaysay Award for Emergent Leadership (2006). The award recognised Kejriwal’s for activating the Right to Information Act movement at the grassroots, and empowering poor people to fight corruption. With the prize money, he started the Public Cause Research Foundation to continue his work on RTI. When Kejriwal felt the Jan Lokpal Bill was not taken seriously, he joined with Anna Hazare in 2011. Hazare sat on a hunger strike and Kejriwal rallied the streets to seek an end to corruption. Kejriwal became a political celebrity after defeating (assembly election) three-term Delhi CM Sheila Dixit in 2013.

Tuesday, 18 February 2020

Motivation from the Minister of Education Nowfel

Motivation & Advice from Deputy Minister of Education (Bangladesh) Barrister Nowfel

No profession should be looked down upon. I made burgers at the restaurant and I also did security work, said the Deputy Minister of Education (Bangladesh) Barrister Mohibul Hasan Chowdhury (commonly known as Nowfel). Barrister Nowfel made the remarks in front of students at the gymnasium grounds of MA Aziz Stadium in Chittagong. Speaking to the students at the event, he recalled his educational life.

Barrister Nowfel did these things when he went abroad for his higher education. He completed Law and Anthropology degree from the London School of Economics in England. Barrister Nowfel is a Bangladeshi politician from Awami League. He is a Member of Parliament and Deputy Minister of Education. ABM Mohiuddin Chowdhury, a famous Awami League politician and ex- the mayor of Chattogram, is his father.

For achieving education, you have to do hard work, Nowfel said. No work is trivial if it is done for noble purposes. While in the university, he did three jobs including burger cooking in restaurants & security work. According to him, there was no shame in these jobs and it is normal in abroad. But in our country, the situation is different. "I do not hesitate to say that I have done these things there," he said. I'm not ashamed of it because I do not consider any work small. Some bus drivers earn a lot at the present time but many MBA graduated students do not get paid well in this economy. So at the end of education, I think the idea of ​​getting a big job is a narrow idea. We have to get rid of this mentality. It is better to live the life of ordinary people by completing education. There is no shame in that.

Further Reading 

Sunday, 16 February 2020

A Teacher Who Fights against Climate Change

A Teacher Who Combats Climate Change and Works for SDGs

Have you ever heard planting trees is a requirement for submitting reports or assignments? A university teacher is doing this to incorporate the environment-friendly mechanism in education for sustainable development.

The teacher is Shoukot Ali who works as a lecturer at the Department of Development Studies of Daffodil International University - DIU (a top-ranking private university in Bangladesh). Mr Ali teaches courses like Socio-Economics and Development; Bangladesh Studies and Industrial Management in different departments.

Tuesday, 11 February 2020

A Teacher Took Leadership of Jubo League to Bring Hope

Sheikh Fazle Shams Parash Takes Leadership to Bangladesh Awami Jubo League to Bring Hope

Sheikh Fazle Shams Parash also known as Parash has become the new chairman of Jubo League, the youth wing of Awami League.  Party leaders hope that under the new leadership of Sheikh Parash, Jubo League will develop its image and regain the past glory.