Saturday, 2 February 2019

Writing Task 2: Cambridge 13 IELTS Test 4

"In spite of the advances made in agriculture, many people around the world still go hungry. Why is this case?"
 By Cambridge 13 IELTS Academic Test 2 & Writing Task 4 (Sample) Answer

Although there have been significant improvements made in the agricultural sector, a large number of people in the world are out of food and water.

Lack of proper distribution of resources is one of the major issues behind the hunger issue. A tiny number of people in the world are in possession of most wealth.  Amartya Sen said that feminine in Bangladesh occurred due to the lack of distribution in 1974. The government of Bangladesh always keeps a large amount of money for agriculture development that includes loan, subsidies. However, the fruits go to the hand of local politicians and administrators. The price of essential goods goes higher in most cases because there is little control over the market.

Middlemen and politicians always get the benefits and mass people are the victims. Farmers don’t find their fair price and customers in the market buy the products at an extra price. In Africa and some countries in Asia face long term disputes and war which hamper normal distribution and transaction process. Greed, power politics and international game keep people hungry whether the country has plenty of foods or not.

The United Nations has also taken a giant initiative called sustainable development goals to remove hunger from the world. All nations should follow the goals and maintain good governance. If corruption and mismanagement are lessened, the distribution of resources will be implemented effectively and efficiently. Moreover, general people ought to be conscious about their rights which make them alert and empowered to keep their government accountable. 

Writing Task 2: Cambridge 13 IELTS Test 3

“Some people say History is one of the most important school subjects. Other people think that, in today’s world, subjects like science and technology are more important than history.”
By Cambridge 13 IELTS Academic Test 2 & Writing Task 3 (Sample) Answer

Every subject has its significance in its own way. According to some people, history is regarded as one of the most important disciplines in educational institutes. Nowadays, others believe science and technology-oriented subjects are more important. These will brief

People make the same mistakes again and again but they should not. By studying history, we could learn the past incidents and accidents which our previous generation made. For instance, if anyone studies the battle of Palashi, he will understand the actual reasons of the king’s Shiraj Uddula’s defeat. The king did not lose because of the British East India Company. He was lost due to a conspiracy of his own people. Pupils have the opportunities to know the experience of the past and understand the present and are ready for the future. Without history knowledge, we will not be complete.

 In the present era, we cannot think of a day without technologies. Science and technology make the day to day jobs easier. If we don’t possess the knowledge of information and communication technology, we will be in the last position in the economic competition of the world. The modern invention in medical research and other sectors are possible because of ICT. The government and other private organizations cannot protect themselves from cyber-attack, data theft without modern technological education.

In conclusion, I opine that both subjects are important because students need for their future. In most universities, discipline like CSE, SW keep history courses for their student development. 

Writing Task 2: Cambridge 13 IELTS Test 2

“Some people believe that nowadays we have too many choices.”
By Cambridge 13 IELTS Academic Test 2 & Writing Task 2 (Sample) Answer

A number of people think that now we have lots of options in our life. In present modern life, people can choose easily due to technological advances, advanced research and so on.

In my opinion, I agree with the above statement because we have already found many opportunities. With the invention of modern science and technology and innovative research, we can obtain and learn so many things in a short time. If I consider the education sector as an example, we see a revolution in the sector. Teachers and students can get their required books and materials easily and quickly. They can apply in several countries for higher studies sitting in their home. The Internet is available and wifi gets cheaper. Information flow is everywhere. If anyone lacks any skills he/ she can achieve the quality by taking a course in edx or Coursera or other educational websites that provide quality education freely or with little cost. Students have the freedom to find their aim in life since they can get advice and a motivational speech from YouTube. In the digital era, any person gets so many opportunities which are not possible in the past. 

In some cases, so many options can make people confused. Some experts also believe that we have got limited choices in our life because our choices are influenced by social media and/ or commercial advertisements and/ or politicians.

To conclude, it can be said that economic development and technological advancement allows us to choose among numerous options. However, we do have a limitation as we are the human being.  We are being told to what to do or not to do by someone else. We need to be careful with our choices. 

Writing Task 2: Cambridge 13 IELTS Test 1

Question: Living in a country where you have to speak a foreign language can cause serious social problems, as well as practical problems. 

By Cambridge 13, IELTS Test 1 & Writing Task 2 (Sample) Answer 

Residing in a foreign country where a person has to speak the country’s local language which is not his / her mother tongue can lead to both social and practical difficulties.

In my opinion, the statement is very true. Language is not just a spoken expression of people. It also contains culture, history and so on. Learning a second and/ or third language require extra time and dedication and people cannot always grasp the inner meaning of some words of a foreign language. Generally, people don’t have enough time and resources to learn a language. If they find the way, they may not have the capacity to process what they have learned. Mass people have limitation and they are not supermen. After gaining knowledge of a foreign language, he/ she cannot fully apply in practice. If a person makes a one pronunciation mistake or grammatical error it may change the whole meaning and it will embarrass him/ her. In some cases, they may be bullied for their alien accent.

However, if we look in the positive aspect, it can expand our friendships. Some foreigners living in the area understand the situation and they may help you with their language and it enriches your language learning skills. Some research finds that learning more languages help our brain power.

For several reasons, people abide in a foreign country. However, it can be an opportunity or an awkward situation for the person who lives abroad. To avoid the day to day problems, the person must learn how to use the local language and it will help in many ways.

This sample answer will be helpful for your writing test. If you want any modifications for the answer, please recommend the changes in the comment box. We will see.  

Sunday, 6 January 2019

Why You Should Donate More and Work for Social Welfare

Benefits of making the donation and working for the society

Why should I give my extra time for the social development free? Why should provide something to someone without my benefits? Giving someone does not reduce your wealth instead it helps you in various ways. Donation and voluntary work bring amazing benefits to your mind, body, and society.    

Developing yourselves: Working in a voluntary organization help you develop your leadership capacities, communication skills, team works, and other skills.
For higher studies and/or getting a job: To get a good job, you will need some working experience. However, if you are a fresh graduate, you don’t have any practical work experience. Then how will you get experience while you are studying? Volunteering, internship, and freelance works help you in this regard. 

Furthermore, working for the people increases chances to get you scholarships for the higher studies. Voluntary works prove that you are active and work for society. People like an active and industrious person.

Finding eternal peace: medical research has proved that you will get pleasure for helping others in need. For practical experience, you just give your warm clothes to a poor person, you definitely feel better. I can guarantee it. You will feel satisfied and be happier.

Removing depression/ anxiety: Voluntary work and charity definitely reduce mental disorder. To remove depression or anxiety or stress, you can work for social welfare. Moreover, it renders people improved self-esteem & self-worth. It helps you live a longer life.

Get rid of bad habits: if you are addicted to drugs and/ or masturbation, working with voluntary organizations helps you destroy these evil behaviours.

To protect the environment and the world: For our own survival, we need to save the world by cleaning the environment. There are several ways we can do it.

We can form groups or organizations to raise awareness and motivate people to protect the environment. Tree plantation is one of the initiatives which can be taken by anyone. Civil society groups and NGOs can pressure the government to implement environment-friendly policy. Environment-friendly and informed governments can pressurize the United Nations (UN) to take broad initiatives for the world environment.

Promoting Generosity in your kids: When your children observe you to give money to some people or organizations, they naturally adopt a donating-mindset. This mindset helps your kids to be good and gentle people.  

Tax Reduction:  You can write off charity on your tax return form and get a certain amount of tax rebate. Some restrictions and conditions do apply. A good number of celebrities and businessmen make a donation for this purpose.

Getting reward (Sawāb): Both Quran and hadith ensure that givers (donors) will receive Allah’s rewards both in this world and in the life hereafter. Giving donation does not reduce our wealth instead almighty Allah expands it. The philanthropists and charitable persons will be awarded highly.  

Sadaqah Jaariyah (an ‘ongoing charity’) is an amazing concept for Muslim people. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), said that “when a man dies, his deeds come to an end except three: beneficial knowledge, Sadaqah Jaariyah and a child who prays for him/ her”.

Tuesday, 11 September 2018

40th BCS Circular has been published

Circular for 40th BCS has been published today. With the new circular, the government of Bangladesh wants to recruit 1,903 cadres. The government’s decision on quota system will be followed in the selection of new cadres.

To get the whole circular – Click here
Applicants can apply for the given posts from September 30 to November 15, 2018. As a recruiting agency, Bangladesh Public Service Commission (BPSC) can increase the number of given posts.

Sunday, 29 July 2018

বাঙালি চরিতঃ ভূত-অদ্ভুত

আমার বাঙালি চরিত

মন্দ ঘটনা না ঘটলে পেপার ভালো চলে না। কথায় আছে Bad news are good news for any newspaper. আমরা বাঙ্গালীরা নিয়মিত সমালোচনা না করলে পেটের ভাত হজম হয় না। এ দুর্নীতি করে ও দুর্নীতি করে। এলাকার কিছু লোকেরা একে অন্যের ছেলে মেয়ের মন্দ নিয়ে কথা বলে অথচ নিজেরটা নিয়ে মাথা ব্যাথা নাই।  

এ বলে বরিশালের লোক খারাপ ও বলে নোয়াখালীর মানুষ খারাপ। লোকে বলে কুমিল্লার মানুষ এই আর বিক্রমপুরের অই ………………………………  ইত্যাদি ইত্যাদি! তো কোন  বাংলাদেশের কোন বিভাগ বা জেলার লোক ভালো? 

# আমরা অনেকে সুযোগের অভাবে ভদ্রলোক! সুযোগ পেলে রিক্সাওয়ালারাও আমাদের বাঁশ দেয়ার চেষ্টা করে। বৃষ্টি হলে/ খুব গরমে/ রাতে আপনি রিক্সায় উঠতে হলে বাড়তি টাকা দিতে হবে। আর আপনি মেয়ে হলে তো কোন কথাই নেই! 

# বাঙালি হালাল খাবারের প্রতি সিরিয়াস কিন্তু হালাল ইনকামের দিকে নজর দেয় না। 

# সবাই এখন লাখপতি বা কোটিপতি হতে চায়। সবাই চায়! কিন্তু বেশিরভাগই সৎ পথে চায় না, অল্প সময়ে দু নম্বরই পদ্ধতিতে চায়। এখন প্রাইমারি স্কুলের শিক্ষকও প্রশ্ন ফাঁস ব্যবসা করে লাখপতি হতে চায়। 

# বাঙালি পুরুষ তার পুরুষত্ব দেখায় তার বউ পিটিয়ে বা রিক্সাওয়ালাকে মেরে। 

# কেউ পরশ্রীকাতর আবার কেউ পরস্ত্রীকাতর! 

# এদের ঘাড়ে কিছু না পড়া পর্যন্ত এরা সিরিয়াস হয় না। 

# কিছু বাঙালি কাজের থেকে কথা বেশি পছন্দ করে। বাসে বা ট্রেনে অপরিচিত কাউকে বিভিন্ন ব্যক্তিগত প্রশ্ন করতেও দ্বিধা করে না। 

# বাঙালি দাসত্ব পছন্দ করে। একে অন্যের ভালোটা পছন্দ করে না।

# কেউ কেউ ফিলিস্তিনি মুসলিমদের অত্যাচার দেখে আহা-উঁহু করে কিন্তু আবার নিজের কাজের লোককে অত্যাচার করে।  

# একে অন্যকে খোঁচা দেয়াতে এরা ওস্তাদ। 

# মানুষ এখন সুশিক্ষিত মানুষের থেকে পাওয়ারফুল/ বড়োলোকদের বেশি সম্মান দেয়। ভদ্র লোকের দাম কম! শক্তের ভক্ত নরমের যম। 

# ঘুষের সমালোচনা করলেও এদের অনেকে ঘুষ খেতে ইচ্ছুক। 

# আমরা তুচ্ছ বিষয় মনে রাখি কিন্তু গুরুত্বপূর্ণ বিষয় ভুলে যাই। ফরজের থেকে নফল নিয়ে মাতামাতি। 

# দেশে থাকলে এদের হাতি সমান ইগো কিন্তু বাহিরে গেলে এরা যেকোনো কাজ করতে রাজি।

# বাঙালি মানিয়ে নিতে নিতে এখন এমন অবস্থা যে - এখন কিছুই গায়ে লাগে না। সব মেনে নেয়। 

# এখনকার মধ্যবয়স্ক লোকেরাও স্কুল/ কলেজ পড়ুয়া ছোট ছোট মেয়েদের দিকে বাজে ভাবে তাকিয়ে থাকে। 

# সরকারি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় শিক্ষক নিয়োগে কি হচ্ছে? কারা নিয়োগ পাচ্ছে? মেধাবি সৎ ভদ্র ছাত্র-ছাত্রীরা কি চাকরি পাচ্ছে? এসব শিক্ষক কিভাবে মানুষ গড়ার কারিগর হবে? 

# মসজিদ কমিটিতে এখন কাদের দেখেন?  এরা মসজিদ কমিটি চালানোর মত ক্ষমতা আছে। মসজিদ কিন্তু আল্লাহর ঘর। 
সমাজের সর্বাঙ্গে পচন ধরেছে। আর এ ভেঙে পড়া সমাজ কবে সুস্থ হয়ে উঠবে সেটাই বড় প্রশ্ন। 

এই বাঙালির (মির জাফর গং) ষড়যন্ত্রের কারণে এই উপমহাদেশে ২০০ বছরের ইংরেজ শাসন-শোষণ করছে আবার এই বীর বাঙ্গালীর কারনেই ১৯৭১ সালে বাংলাদেশ স্বাধীন হয়েছে। বঙ্গবন্ধু বাঙালির চরিত্র ব্যাখ্যা করতে গিয়ে কখনো ‘বীরের জাত’ কখনো আবার ‘পরশ্রীকাতর’ও বলেছেন। সবসময়ই কিছু বাঙালি বিশ্বাসঘাতক ছিল । বাঙালি সর্বদা নিজেদের অস্তিত্ব ভুলে নিজের ক্ষতি করেছে, ভিনদেশিদের সঙ্গে হাত মিলিয়েছিল ব্যক্তিস্বার্থ চরিতার্থ করার জন্য।

Friday, 20 July 2018

Operation Searchlight - The Black Night of March 25, 1971

Operation Searchlight was a code name for a ruthless military operation by the Pakistani government (West Pakistan) to remove the movement of freedom-loving Bengali people in 1971. The main goals were to arrest and/or kill the Bengali political leaders, intellectuals, and student leaders. Moreover, their motives were to disarm and capture the Bengali military, police and other forces (officers and soldiers) and to take their arms and tools etc.  The then Pakistani rulers actually wanted to silence the voice of the people of East Pakistan.     

Timeline: From 25th March (1971) to the middle of May (1971) in the big towns of Bangladesh.

Implementation: The men who were in charge of operation searchlight:
General Rao Forman Ali >>> Dhaka,
General Khadim Raja  >>>  other regions of Bangladesh,
Lieutenant General Tikka Khan ("Butcher of Bengal") supervised the whole operation.

The 25th march of 1971 was a dark night for the history of Bangladesh. The Pakistani soldiers started the Operation Searchlight with an indiscriminate attack on the demonstrating Bangalis in the Farm Gate area at 11-30 pm. The army captured Bangabandhu from his house at 1.30 am. Furthermore, they made attacks on Rajarbagh, Peelkhana and the residential quarters of the teachers of Dhaka University & student halls killing a large number of students including 9 teachers.

Consequences: This operation caused approximately ten million refugees to flee to the neighbour country India. It started a 9-month bloody war and Bangladesh achieved its freedom from Pakistan with Indo-Soviet (Russia) backing.  

Now Bangladesh observes 25th march as genocide day. 

Tuesday, 29 May 2018

Causes of Environmental Degradation & Pollution

Factors responsible for polluting our environment:

Social Factors
1. Population Problems
2. Poverty
3. Urbanization without planning
4. Violence & Drugs

Economic Factors
1. Unplanned industrialization & Market Failure
2. Agricultural Development
3. Transportation
4. Dam (Farakka Barrage & Tipaimukh Dam)
5. Coal-Fired Power Plants
6. Toxic Tanneries
7. Brickfield areas
8. Shrimp farming
Factors for Environmental  Pollution

Political & Administrative Factors
1. Giving less importance to the environmental issues.
2. Lack of knowledge on the impact of environmental pollution.
3. Limited initiative for tree plantation.
4. Lack of strong political will.
5. Lack of proper monitoring & implementation of environmental law.
6. Influential people and businessmen don’t follow the law.
7. Lack of awareness and seriousness among the general people.
8. Refugee problems
9. Wars
10. Nuclear testing